Author and reporter
translated by Tinatin Bujiashvili
haven’t been to Balneological and Climatic Resort in Borjomi since I was a child… Everything seemed differently then… It was said that Borjomi was reconstructed after Rose Revolution, though it seemed to be one-time action. The park, where the youth could take a walk, have a rest in the daytime ant at night and taste mineral water, is locked today. I often met sick people carrying mineral water to use it as a treatment. Today, you have to pay fee if you want to enter the park.
Mineral water “Borjomi” is a unique water of volcanic origin. It is an invaluable gift of nature. “Borjomi” is pushed up to the surface from 1500m below ground. Unlikely to other sodium bicarbonate types of water Borjomi doesn’t get cool underground and comes out being warm. On its way water is enriched with different minerals, contained in The Caucasian mountains solids. Due to its natural properties, “Borjomi” is not only quenches thirst but also effectively cleans the body, improves immunity and helps raise the tone of the body.
Bad ecological conditions and non-balanced nourishment destroy acid alkaline balance of the organism (ph), says specialists of food hygiene and nutrition. Consequently, alkaline level increases. Taking Borjomi regularly supports optimal body electrolytes balance and metabolism. “Borjomi” also improves gut function.
Featuring a balanced mineral composition, “Borjomi” can be taken daily. Calcium in Borjomi is less then 100 mg / l, this is acceptable for daily use because the risk of salt deposition occurs only if the calcium content exceeds 200 mg / liter.
Today, there are 15 wells in Borjomi estimating 640 m3 water.
Borjomi mineral springs has nearly 2000 years history, says historical sources. This fact is confirmed by 7 stone bath-tubs found at the beginning of 20th century and dated to beginning of the 1st millennium A.D. Evidently at those times water was used for bathing and not for drinking. Though Great Georgian scientist Ivane Javakhishvili proved that due to its unique features, it was used for drinking too.
The Borjomi springs were rediscovered in Borjomi gorge by the Imperial Russian.
A legend says: In Spring, 1825 Army of Kherson Grenadier Regiment was deployed in Borjomi. One day soldiers found a warm mineral spring coming vertically from the ground right in the middle of the woods. They told about it to colonel Popov. Popov, who suffered from stomach disease, tried the water first. Seeing positive results, he ordered the construction of rock walls around the spring and to build a small cottage house there. Popov was the first man who advised his relatives and close people to take the water to improve their health condition.
In 1834, since the information spread widely about miraculous features of mineral water “Borjomi”, Amirov, medical doctor of Gori Grenadier Regiment, visited Borjomi. He ought to check soldiers’ living conditions. He decided to stay longer to see the effects of the water. Doctor Amirov was the author of the first scientific research, where healing effects of Borjomi was described in details.
By 1841 Borjomi water gained popularity for its curing effects all over the Russian Empire. The water became so famous that the viceroy of the Russian Tsar in the Caucasus Yevgeni Golovin brought his sick daughter to the springs for treatment. Historical sources don’t give us any information about the disease, though in light of the quick results of the treatment, he called the first spring Yekaterinsky after his daughter and the second one – found end developed by this time – he named in his honor – Yevgenievskiy.
In 1940’s “Borjomi” mineral water became famous. And the town itself became a balneology and mountain resort. Soon Borjomi became a residential house of the Russian imperial dynasty of Romanov.
The original Borjomi bottling plant was built in 1890.
In 1904 «Borjomi» producing was partly mechanized. Glass was still blown out manually, but bottling became mechanic. With the same year is dated the announcement in newspaper about “selling of “Borjomi” mineral water in wagons”. Water bottling is getting ahead – if in 1854 from Borjomi were exported 1350 bottles, then after producing improvement in 1905 export reached already 320 thousands of bottles and in 1913 exceeded 9 millions.
Sovietization of Georgia did not damage “Borjomi” popularity. Changes touched only aristocracy and vacationer status: Romanov was changed by Stalin, who also liked this water very much. None of Kremlin affairs was held without “Borjomi”.
“Snow break” of the 1960’s gave Borjomi one more chance to earn name abroad. In 1961 Borjomi bottles were exported in 15 countries of the world including USA, France and Austria. In 1980’s sales of “Borjomi” reached 400 millions of bottles.
In 1990-1995 the producing has significantly reduced due to inner economic problems in Georgia.
In 1995 company Georgian Glass & Mineral Water Co. N. V. restarted “Borjomi” production and now this abundant gift of Georgian nature is known in 40 world countries.
Dietologists give advice to overweight people to take much drinking water, though, it is better to take mineral water, which contains carbonic acid, sulphuretted hydrogen, sodium sulfate and carbohydrates. “Borjomi” maintains a stable cellular and intracellular fluid content, assists in the regulation of acid-alkaline balance (ATF), acts as a catalyst to speed up metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates.
It is notable, that overweight people shouldn’t drink sparkling water. It makes feeling of hunger.
Unlike other sodium bicarbonate types of water Borjomi doesn’t get cool underground and comes out being warm (38-41 degrees C). On its way the water is enriched with 60 different minerals, contained in the Caucasian mountains solids. “Borjomi” spring water is composed: Stoncium 4.0-20.0mg/l, fluorine 3-10.6mg/l, iodine-0.3-1.5g/l, boron 3.0-10.0mg/l
Water mineralization is 2-7g/l. it occurs acid reaction (ph-6.7-6.9). Water temperature is 34-41°C. “Borjomi” doesn’t contain pesticides, mineral oil and aromatic hydrocarbons.