RSS

From Gori fortress to The Joseph Stalin Museum

05 Jan

goris cixe 004 Author and reporter

Oliko Tsiskarishvili

translated by Tinatin Bujiashvili

Gori is situated in the heart of Kartli. Since ancient times it has been located on the principal highway connecting eastern and western parts of Georgia. It also connected highways on the bank of the river Didi Liakhvi and Patara Liakhvi from northern part of Georgia and from south the highway was on the bank of the river Mejuda, which lied in Tana gorge. Gori is a mountainous place. The town and the fortress are on a rocky hill. Highways are seen well from here and the enemy always had difficulties to enter the town in secret. The fortress controlled major strategic and economic routes and accommodated a large garrison. Invasion of the fortress meant political domination on Shida Kartli.

gorijvari 001 - Copy goris cixe - Copy goris cixe 001 - Copy goris cixe 003 goris cixe 004 - Copy goris cixe 005 - Copy goris cixe 006 goris cixe 007 goris cixe 008 - Copy goris cixe 009 - Copy goris cixe 010 goris cixe 011 goris cixe 012 goris ekelesia 003 - Copy goris ekelsia 004 - Copy goris eklesia 001 - Copy goris eklesia 002 - Copy goris eklesia 005 goris eklesia 006 - Copy goris eklesia 007 - Copy goris eklesia 008 goris eklesia 009 goris eklesia 010 sralini 010 stalini 001 - Copy stalini 002 - Copy stalini 003 stalini 004 - Copy stalini 005 stalini 006 - Copy stalini 007 - Copy stalini 008 - Copy stalini 009 stalini 011 stalini 012 stalini 013 stalini 014 - Copy stalini 015 - Copy stalini 016 stalini 017 stalini 018 stalini 019 stalini 020Gori Fortress Ruins belong to different times. The ruins of the ancient town didn’t exist, as it was renovated.

The walls of the fortress go down to the river Liakhvi. The river Liakhvi, which flows far from the fortress today, flowed on the eastern side of the fortress in old time. The natural location was used by the builders and built the walls of the fortress on the bank of the river. An Italian missioner Christopher Castel drew the plan of Gori Fortress in 1633.

The best preserved structure is the wall on the western slope. It is called Tskhra-kara by the local people. The wall is damaged too. The walls on the top of the fortress were significantly damaged by the last earthquake. There is no upper part there. The walls of Tskhra-kara go down to the river and join there in semi circular. There are 6 walls with the width of 12-13m. Beside a good location which had a function of defence, the fortress was supplied with water. A tunnel went down to the bank of the river. Water was kept in the pool in the last part of Tskhrakara and in the reservoir in the middle of Citadel. In historical chronics Gori was first appeared in VII century. It was said, that Erthaoz, who was the son of Stephanoz Erismtavari buried the part of inherited treasure in Gori. According to historian Juansheri the hiding place was called Tontio, which meant “ColdenMountain”.

According to some historical sources Gori was founded by David the Builder early XII century. We meet more information about Gori from late XII century. Georgia declined after the Mongol invasion. Osetian, living in Caucasus Mountains grew bolder and invaded Gori. Although Georgian fought against them Osetians settled there by supporting Mongolians. Gori returned to Georgian control under the king George V “Brilliant” in 1420s. Georgians were able to conquer the fortress after the three years siege.

In XVII century Gori was the next place in magnitude and importance to Tbilisi and beside its own fortress it was surrounded by the wall. The wall had three gates. That time they were lower. In XIX century the wall was destroyed.

Gori Fortress lost its importance in XIX century and the fortifications went defunct.

Gori Fortress had a good geographical location and was always a place of interest for people to settle there. Correspondingly, a beautiful medieval town was built there. Its importance was growing little by little. In XIX century Gori was changed and today it is one of the most important towns of our country.

Gori fortress is very picturesque. At the foot of the fortress hill there stands a big and beautiful cathedral of Virgin Mary’s Birth. There is a church of The Annunciation nearby the fortress. They are as interesting for tourists as the fortress.

You will meet foreign and local tourists here, though more tourists are foreigners. Besides these sightseeing they are interested in visiting the Museum of Stalin. The hut, one of the most powerful leaders of the word was born in and his personal railway carriage are always tourists attraction place.

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on January 5, 2013 in Ecotourism

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

 
%d bloggers like this: